The present pattern of civil service exam had redefined the earlier exam style where optional's plays an important role as per scoring is conern. The present pattern allows only one optional to choose weighted about 500 marks with two papers.General studies along with an essay paper have 1750 marks which is an ultimate deciding factor.It is humanly not possible to cover the entire GS syllabus but opting an optional which covers maximum portion and reverence to GS will certainly ease your preparation.
Optional's like History,Public administration,Sociology,Geography,Psychology Anthropology comes under its roof.
Lets see how public administration helps you to cover the topics in GS.
• General studies 1: There is no common concepts in this paper.
• General studies 2: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the, Federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein, Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions, Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these, Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments, of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity, Salient features of the Representation of People's Act, Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various, Constitutional Bodies, Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation, Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and, associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders, Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the, Performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections, Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures, Role of civil services in a democracy.
• General studies 3: Issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, Inclusive growth, Government Budgeting, Disaster and disaster management, National Security issues.
•General studies 4: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human, actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships, Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns, and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance, Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption, Case Studies on above issues, Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.