"When you are inspired by some great purpose, some extraordinary project, all your thoughts break their bounds. Your mind transcends limitations, your consciousness expands in every direction, and you find yourself in a new, great and wonderful world. Dormant forces, faculties and talents come alive, and you discover yourself to be a greater person by far than you ever dreamt yourself to be."
Maharishi Patanjali Yoga Sutra before 2200 years.
The Bill proposes foodgrain entitlements for up to 75 percent of the
rural and up to 50 percent of the urban population. Of these,
at least 46 percent of the rural and 28 percent of the urban
population will be designated as priority households. The rest
will be designated as general households.
Priority households will be entitled to 7 kg of subsidised foodgrains per person per month. General households will be entitled to at least 3 kg
The central government will determine the percentage of people in
each state that will belong to the priority and general groups.
State governments will identify households that belong to these
The Bill proposes meal entitlements to specific groups. These
include: pregnant women and lactating mothers, children between the
ages of six months and 14 years, malnourished children, disaster
affected persons, and destitute, homeless and starving persons.
Grievance redressal mechanisms will be set up at the district,
state, and central levels of government.
The Bill proposes reforms to the Targeted Public Distribution
Key Issues and Analysis
The Bill classifies beneficiaries into three groups. The process of
identifying beneficiaries and placing them into these groups may
lead to large inclusion and exclusion errors.
Several entitlements and the grievance redressal structure would
require state legislatures to make adequate budgetary allocations.
Implementation of the Bill may be affected if states do not pass
requisite allocations in their budgets or do not possess adequate
The Bill does not provide a rationale for the cut-off numbers
prescribed for entitlements to priority and general households.
The grievance redressal framework may overlap with that provided in
the Citizens’ Charter Bill that is pending in Parliament.
Schedule III of the Bill specifies goals which may not be directly
related to food security. It is unclear why these have been
included in the Bill.
The Bill provides similar definitions for starving and destitute
persons. However, entitlements to the two groups differ.