Friday, September 18, 2015
UN Sets target for Sustainable development goals (SDG)
This is the target being set by the United Nations under the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be agreed in New York by the heads of states on September 26.
A precursor regional committee meeting of the World Health Organisation will see 11 countries under the South East Asia region that includes India meet in Timor Leste from September 7 to flesh out the goals and devise ways on how to go forward towards achieving them.
A ministerial round table will take place to discuss whether the 13 health targets as specified under the SDGs reflect the critical health challenges faced by the region and how can countries mobilize domestic resources for them.
The expanse of the SDGs are more than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which were more focused.
There are 17 SDGs - in contrast to eight MDGs. When heads of states meet in September at the UN General Assembly, they will therefore have to come up with practical ways on how to adopt them." SDGs have under it 17 goals and 169 targets and they seek to build on the MDGs and complete what these did not achieve.
About Sustainable Development Goals:
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of targets relating to future international development proposed by United Nations agencies. They are to replace the Millennium Development Goals once they expire at the end of 2015. The SDGs were first formally discussed at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012 (Rio+20). On 19 July 2014, the UN General Assembly's Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG) forwarded a proposal for the SDGs to the Assembly. The proposal contained 17 goals with 169 targets covering a broad range of sustainable development issues.
These included ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests.
On 4 December 2014, the UN General Assembly accepted the Secretary-General's Synthesis Report which stated that the agenda for the post-2015 SDG process would be based on the OWG proposals. Proposed Goals: On 2nd of Aug 2015 193 countries arrived at a consensus on the following seventeen proposed goals:
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
The World We Want 2015 is a platform and joint venture currently being used to create a new global development framework to replace the Millennium Development Goals. It bases its work off of the priorities of the people closest to the problems and focuses on local development.