Monday, November 16, 2015

GS 3 Questions and Answers from Insights

Make In India and Digital India have been trademarks of the new government with a hope of revival and launch of the country as a hub of manufacturing with technology and basic digital infrastructure. Most of farmers still depend on old traditional methods of farming and irrigation. The following ways can help :
Digital India :
1)e-resources and web portals like Digital Green recently launched which includes weather forecast to agriultural suggestion.
2)Storage can be recorded in digital databases.
3)Sharing benefits via Agri-informatics plus Knowledge dissemination efforts based on ICT intervention for increasing awareness on ways to use applications and there uses.
4)Creating information tools plus better infrastructure.
5) GPS and remote sensing and also geo-imaging services.
6)Direct transfer benefit as by linking PAN with account.
7) Digital India should connect progressive farmers through smartphones;
Make In India:
1)Establishment of skilled and semi-skilled industries will ensure ancillary industries be set us in and around, for example support system of hotels and eateries, hence increased demands of locals farmer production.
2) Establishment of colonies and large population around the industry and their settlement would further increase food consumption: be it vegetables, grains or poultry.
3)Land is finite and many claimants in an exploding population will only convert farmers into marginal farmers and marginal farmers into landless labor. These guys will require employment and this employment cannot be generated from agriculture alone. Employment in different sectors of economy will decrease risk the families from the vagaries of the ups and downs in a particular sector.
4)Make in India will fetch more money to India. so with more money government will be able to help farmers better.
5)  agriculture should be a Make in India candidate because it delivers 15 per cent of India's exports, valued at $ 40 billion;
6) it should be a National Skills Development Mission candidate because it employs 260 million people - over half of India's workforce.

In spite of all the optimism, the major drawback remains the illiteracy and infrastructural flaws. Other problems being the mindset of the people who avoid using new technology for increasing production. NGO's can come out and help hence.

India, is bound by the Gujral doctrine and ensures that its territory is not used as a base to create instability in its neighbouring states. And so, India expects the neighbouring states to concur to the same. Non-state actors often can create grave threats to the stability of a nation and hence need to be dealt with fiercely. India has taken steps such as;
1. Signing MLATs - Mutual legal assistance treaties with neighbours to ensure criminals are brought to trial irrespective of jurisdiction.
2. Extradition treaties signed between india and its neighbours helps transfer of belligerent non-state actors to respective authorities, which help curb rebellion and insurgency at initial stages.
3. Cooperation of armed forces between nations, to help combat threats of non state actors, by engaging in mock drills and other cooperative exercises.
4. Cooperation between the intelligentsia of various nations, ensuring the safety and security of the nation being upheld at all times.
India's engagement with our neighbours on this issue has been sufficient. Evidence of this is the recent deportation of criminals to India from Indonesia and Myanmar respetively. India though needs to push for further cooperation, with our most volatile neighbours, Pakistan and China to ensure peace in the region, and cooperation on fronts as mentioned above would be ideal and welcome.

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